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Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z New
IT Governance is a term that refers to the approach and the way of IT process management in an organization that aligns information system and all information technology with the global strategy of the organization.
Interest Rate is one of the fundamental attributes of the credit and expresses the increase in the loan amount for a specified period as a percentage.
Insourcing is a term that refers either to the opposite of outsourcing, i.e. inclusion (integration) of originally outsourced services (see outsourcing), processes and activities back into the organization or to somebody else’s process integration to their own activities in order to streamline the related processes.
Inbound marketing is a form of marketing that seeks to attract customers interesting and relevant content. inbound marketing
IMHO is the acronym, which is used in several different ways, and therefore its interpretation can be ambiguous. The most commonly used meanings in business correspondence are In My Honest Opinion and In My Humble Opinion.
Internet of things is a connection of the devices via the Internet without the active participation of a man.
The abbreviation ISSN stands for International Standard Serial Number and designates an international code which serves to identify a print or electronic periodical publication.
ISBN (International Standard Book Number) is an international standard book number, which is a numeric code designed to uniquely identify the book publications.
Income tax rate is a term that refers to the rate of income tax. It belongs among direct taxes. It is payed on the basis of written tax return of the taxpayer to the competent tax office (directly to the government).
Inherent risk level means the current level of risk, according to the analysis and without the measures being implemented.
International financial institutions are financial institutions established by two or more states, which operate according to the international law.
The IP address is the address of each device connected to the Internet.
Internship is a temporary training job in company under the expert guidance of a experienced professional.
Internal Rate of Return (IRR) is an indicator for relative yield (profitability) that the project provides during its lifecycle.
The Internet domain is the unique name specific addresses on the Internet, is a unique address, which is similar to the address of residence (eg, www.google.com)
Information represents one type of resources, respectively, inputs into the production process. Information is usually defined as communication reducing the vagueness of the addressee.
Innovation means improving. Innovation is a complex process from idea, through development to the eventual realization.
Interoperability means that different systems, machines or devices can work together, work together and to understand each other.
Internet Protocol (IP) is the most common protocol for communication in computer networks and in the global Internet network.
ISMS (Information Security Management System) is an international abbreviation for a system covering basic safety requirements for all forms of representation of information in accordance with ISO 27001.
IMO is the acronym of In My Opinion. It is more general than the acronym IMHO.
IBAN (International Bank Account Number) is an international bank account number used in all countries of the European Union allowing to perform foreign payments.
In economics, inflation is a rise in the general level of prices of goods and services in an economy or in a particular country over a period of time.
Impressions expresses how many times a website was visited. Also called as hits.
Incentive is motivating factor leading to some activity or action. It's a concept used in psychology.
Incentive is something that the company uses to motivate and reward the employee for his work and the work effort. Incentives include financial compensation (base salary, wage and bonus), share of the company, recognition, rewards a appreciation, gifts and other formal or informal benefits.
Forged identity documents are fake documents made illegally for the purpose of deceiving the holders of the genuine identity documents or other persons.
Identity theft is fraudulent, during which the attacker or cheater get something that proves your identity. The attacker then pretends he is you.
Intrapreneurship is use of entrepreneurial skills and independence of people within large organizations and corporations. It means use of their flexibility, creativity, autonomy for innovations, for management activities and the work of teams.
Investment means the use of funds in order to make a profit or earn an interest.
Intellectual property is for example an invention, a method, artistic work or a computer program. It is the result of a creative human activities which are recognized by law and is applicable on the market.
Inventory are one of the three major components of current assets. These include in particular products, goods and materials.
Imports in the state's economy is the macroeconomic concept of the total volume of products and / or services imported into the country (or countries also, Union) from abroad.
Invoice is a document issued by the seller to the buyer for the delivered services or goods.
IPO (Initial Public Offering) is a term to describe the first public offering of shares. IPO means the process of entering on a stock exchange and the initial offering of its shares to investors.
Intangible assets is a subgroup of assets, which has no physical character.
nsight is a term designating an unexpected and immediate finding of the solution to the problem without apparent prior conscious thinking. The solution suddenly appears clearly in mind of the solver.
Innovator according to the Diffusion of innovation theory is the type of people who want to be among the first in testing innovative products. It's about 2.5% of the population.
Indirect tax is a term that refers to a tax on consumption, because the tax is included in the price of goods (property) or services that the taxpayer purchases.
Information assets are definable, valuable sets of information that are in some way identifiable for the organization. Information assets can be stored or captured on any media.
Inventory Turnover Ratio is a term that indicates how many times each item of inventory is sold and restocked during the year.
Integrity is the concept of security management in the organization. Integrity means that the correctness and completeness of information is ensured, as well as that people's authorities and rights to information or data alteration are clearly defined.
Incubation is a term indicating the time for which the problem is solved subconsciously while individual’s thinking is consciously dedicated to other activities.
Import is the total sum of products and / or services imported into the country from abroad. Its opposite is export.
Interest is a term for the charge for borrowing a sum of money.
Informal education is an overall term for any training outside the conventional school or other professional training. It is education in the form of a lifetime experience, exploration, from the mistakes and through mentoring from experienced people.
Identity is sameness. Roughly speaking, that identity is a specific person.
Insider trading means trading on non-public information. It is an attempt to gain a business advantage or deceive the customer with the information that is not publicly known (to the customer).
Internet is a global computer network, or tens of thousands of individual networks that are interconnected and enable operation of the entire range of services.
Investment capital is the company's capital used for company development, investment in product development or business as such.
Identity document (ID) is a document which allows you to prove that you are really you. It could be your identity card, driving license, passport, etc. - any document that proves your real identity.
Income is cash flow in the organization - this is the money increase. In contrast, Revenue is a material flow in monetary terms - thus they may not be immediately understood as money increase.
Inventory Turnover is a term that indicates the average number of days after which the stocks are bound in the enterprise until their consumption or until their sale.
Insolvency is a term that describes two basic situations: the debtor is unable to pay his obligations or situation where over-indebtedness is.
Intelligence is defined as a general capacity of an individual consciously to adjust his thinking to new requirements, a general mental adaptability to new problems and conditions of life.
Indebtedness is an economic term that refers to the fact that the firm uses foreign capital to finance its assets.
Infrastructure as a Service, the abbreviation IaaS is used. IaaS is a modern term, which replaced the original Haas (Hardware as a Service). The change involves also the way of management. In the case of IaaS, it is the provision of computing performance, infrastructure and storage, most often through virtualization.
Indirect costs are those costs that cannot be assigned (cannot be monitored) to a specific cost object.
Introvert is someone who is rather alone, less communicative, is empathetic and considerate.
Information System is a term that refers to a group of people, technical resources (hardware, software) and data that provide the required functionality and provide information for a defined and required purpose of an enterprise or an organization.
Influencer is an influential person whose opinions can influence purchasing decisions and customer behavior.
Industry 4.0 is a designation for automation of production and changes in the labor market. It is based on the boom of digitization, robotization and automatization.
Ideas are the components of culture (or organizational culture). They are fixed ideas about the functioning of reality, self-evident opinions and thoughts, the deepest unawared level of culture.
Issuer is the person who issues or sells some kind of securities.
IQ stands for Intelligence Quotient. It is a quantification of human intelligence by standardized psychological tests of intelligence. It is one way of measuring human intelligence.
Investor is a person who wants to evaluate available funds.
Information literacy is one of the higher forms of basic literacy and it is a concept of comprehensive knowledge and ability to work with an information.
Inertia is the resistance of a physical object to remain in motion or direction, it is a tendency to remain in the current movement. It is one of the basic concepts of physics.
Internet literacy is one of the higher forms of basic literacy and it is a concept of basic ability to work with Internet services. Thus, the ability to search for information on the website, ability to work with e-mail and use other services and Internet options (internet social networks, forums, instant messaging, etc.) and other options for e-business solutions.
Intellectual capital consists of stocks and flows of knowledge within the organization. The intellectual capital of the organization includes Human Capital, Organizational Capital and Social Capital.
Incident is a term that refers to an unusual or unpleasant event that may lead to activation of internal support processes (usually IT or security processes).
ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) is usually divided into software and hardware. Previously it was used an expression IT (Information Technologies), later, with the development of communication technologies , the letter C (Communication) was added. In practice, the importance of both acronyms is essentially identical.
Informal organizational structure includes personal relations, relations and interactions of people in the organization, created naturally, informally and unofficially. They take place in an informal way outside the framework of formal organizational structure, respectively, the informal organizational structure crosses it horizontally, vertically and diagonally.
Inorganic growth of the company means that company is expanded through acquisitions of other companies.
Interactive communication is two-way flow of information, which is performed actively from one side to another and back.
Internal factors are those that the firm, its management and employees, can influence or which they even create.
Infrastructure is a set of basic equipment that enables the operation of a system.
Information Strategy refers to a long-term plan designed to achieve the organization's objectives in the management of knowledge, information or data.
Income is a term that refers to an increase in cash and cash equivalents. Income and expenditures are basic values observed in a relation to cash flow management.
Institutions are part of the culture (or organizational culture). They are structures and mechanisms of social order and cooperation, which regulate human behavior in society (in organization). They are established ways of solving problems in the organization (established practice).