Spatial analysis is a term that refers to a set of special functions of GIS. Through the use of computers and powerful algorithms, based on advanced mathematics and statistics, they allow questions to be answered that couldn’t be without GIS being effectively addressed. Examples of spatial analysis tasks that are now routinely managed by GIS:
- Find the shortest way from point A to point B, paid road sections can be used
- Find a way to effectively ride 12 stores of goods and replenish stocks
- Find land in the territory, which is networked and is at least 2000 meters from the highway that leads here
- Find in the territory a place where there is erosion (where a minimum slope and soil is and not grassed)
- Find the areas covered / uncovered with the signal from given transmitter
Spatial analysis in practice: You can find a whole series of examples - the above mentioned are only illustrative. Due to the wide use of spatial analysis, GIS helps across a range of sectors and disciplines - in land use planning, environmental protection, in manufacturing and industry (secondary sector), transport, telecommunications, military, etc.).
Spatial analysis is now part of GIS applications both in the starting formation, and in the form of special modules (even from third parties).