Space Optimization (or spatial optimization) is a designation for the pursuit of the most efficient, economical and effective space coverage with a certain service in compliance of qualitative service parameters.
It is clear that the different service parameters are significantly influenced by the spatial distribution of service centers in a given area. This is mainly (but not exclusively) the following context:
- quality - from the spatial aspect, time availability of the service and the resulting customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction is affected by deploying service centers
- economy - is influenced by the number of centers in the investigated area - the greater the number of centers will be, the greater the consumption of resources will be
- efficiency - it is a balancing of costs to the provider (resource consumption) and benefits on the customer side (to minimization of the time spent on the road)
- effectiveness - a service usually serves its purpose only in compliance of a certain critical value of time availability
Space optimization leads to mutual balancing of described service parameters.