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What is Six Basic Emotions
Six Basic Emotions is a term that refers to the theory of American psychologists Paul Ekman and Wallace V. Friesen. They identified six basic emotions based on studying the isolated culture of people from the Fori tribe in Papua New Guinea in 1972. The tribe members were able to identify these six emotions on the pictures: Anger, Disgust, Fear, Happines, Sadness, Surprise.

Six Basic Emotions is a term that refers to the theory of American psychologists Paul Ekman and Wallace V. Friesen.

Ekman and Friesen identified six basic emotions based on studying the isolated culture of people from the Fori tribe in Papua New Guinea in 1972. The tribe members were able to identify these six emotions on the pictures.

After that, they took pictures of facial expressions of people from the Fori tribe with the same emotions and they presented these pictures to people of other races and cultures all over the world. They also interpreted the emotions on the pictures correctly.

Following six basic emotions were identified:

  • Anger
  • Disgust
  • Fear
  • Happiness
  • Sadness
  • Surprise

Gradually, many researches have confirmed that these emotions are universal for all human beings.

Following pictures depict above facial expressions:

Six Basic Emotions

Source: The Grimace Project

Use of the six basic emotions in practice:

They are used within the FACS methodology while evaluating microexpressions.

Related terms and methods:

Related discipline:

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Related management field:

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Other information and sources (International)
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Last update: 21.01.2016

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