Public power is a power coming out of the people, citizens and society. It is the ability of a given society to create a system of binding rules of conduct (law - legislation) and to enforce their compliance as a part of mechanisms of social regulation and keeping a homeostasis of the society.
Historically the public power is divided into (Charles Louis Montesquieu:
- Legislative power
- Executive power
More recent concepts add, for example, control and supervisory power.
The most typical representative of public power is a state power, which is provided by the state apparatus, i.e. the sum of all organs of the state power. The exercise of public power is primarly the provision of administrative services and within the protection of public interest.