Project Manager is the person designated by the organization and is responsible for achieving the project objectives. Project Manager is responsible for the project in all its phases - he defines the project team, prepares a project plan, then manages the project, monitors and evaluates achievements and the overall result of the project. It is a managerial position, which has authorities and responsibilities related to the project, hence usually time limited, in terms of matrix organizational structure oriented horizontally. In the organization with a matrix organizational structure, the project manager can often be a senior to the line managers who are in his project team.
The position of project manager and his responsibilities are defined almost identically in all standards of project management (in particular, PMBOK, PRINCE2,ISO 10006). Project Manager competencies are set out in ICB (IPMA Competence Baseline), which is a de-facto standard of project management competencies. It distinguishes and describes in detail the three basic areas of competence within the so called competence eye to the competences technical, behavioral and contextual. This determination method of managerial skills is similar to the approach already published in 1974 by Robert L. Katz - see Managerial skills.
Promotion of the profession of project manager at the international level and creating standards in this area is dealt by the international association IPMA (International Project Management Association).
For project managers, there are many certification systems. The most widely and best known certifications of project managers are:
- Project Manager Certification according to IPMA (IPMA - International Project Management Association)
- Project Manager Certification according to PMI (PMI - Project Management Institute)
- Project Manager Certification according to PRINCE2