Personality is one of the basic concepts of psychology. Personality usually means an individual formation of the human psyche - a unique “I” of a man with all his qualities, experience, temprement, character, talents, abilities and skills. This concept is characterized by the individual uniqueness of the person, his individuality.
There are two limiting theories explaining personality:
- Nativism (dispositionism) says that personality is the result of innate dispositions (personality is innate)
- Environmentalism argues that personality is the result of environmental influences
Most psychologists now agree that the resulting personality is the result of interaction of both components - dispositions and the environment.
To describe the personality, there are two approaches:
- Ideographic - essentially qualitative approach, acceding to the personality through its free and summary description
- Nomothetic - essentially quantitative approach, acceding to the personality through various metrics, tests, typologies and models
There are many models of personality: