Parallel teams are in the organization a method for solving problems in the field of research and development, innovation, or similarly focused projects. The essence is to define the problem or task whose solution at least two parallel solving (design, development, innovation) teams are in charged. The purpose is to eliminate groupthink and to find more than one solution to the problem. The results of the teams can be combined. A disadvantage is the higher cost compared to only one team.
Example: Intel, the world leader in production of microprocessors, has got into serious trouble since 2000. Competitive AMD came up with processors that were faster, less energy-intensive, less overheating and also cheaper than Intel’s solution. Intel at that time possessed at least two development teams. First developed existing NetBurst architecture focused on multimedia, which had the problems with temperature, cooling, power consumption and price. Second team developed a mobile (notebook) Pentium M processors that were efficient, not overheating and power equal to AMD processors. Intel combined results of both teams together to the first architecture Core Duo and then Core 2 Duo, which currently completely dominates the market of microprocessors.