OCEAN is a term designating one of the personality models. It was gradually developed by a number of psychologists - Tupes, Christal, Digman, Goldberg, Costa, McCrae, Russell, Karol…
Sometimes the model is called Big Five or Big5 according to number of factors.
According to this model there are five basic factors / dimensions of the personality (from the first letters hence its name):
- Openness (towards experience)