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Who is Norbert Wiener
Norbert Wiener was an American mathematician who is considered the founder of cybernetics.

Norbert Wiener

Norbert Wiener was born in Columbia, Missouri, and the first child of Russian Jewish emigrants Leo and Bertha Wiener. In September 1906, at the age of eleven he was eleven years old and he started to study mathematics at the high school (Tufts College). In 1909 he received a bachelor’s degree and joined the Harvard. At Harvard he studied zoology but in 1910 he moved to Cornell University, where he began studying philosophy, next year he returned to Harvard, where he continued his study of philosophy. Wiener received his Ph.D. at Harvard in 1912 for a dissertation related to mathematical logic.

From 1915 to 1916 he taught philosophy courses at Harvard, worked for General Electric and then for the Encyclopedia Americana. In the following years he worked in ballistics at the Aberdeen Proving Ground in Maryland. In 1931 he was awarded a professorial title. He was the theory of probability and random processes, one kind of random process is still named Wiener white noise. Also dealt with linear spaces, topology, potential theory, number theory, the theory of integral analytic functions.

While working at MIT often traveled around Europe. In 1926 he married Margaret Engemannovou and returned to Europe. Most of the time he spent in Göttingen or with Hardy at Cambridge. His main job was Brownian motion, the Fourier integral, Dirichlet problem, harmonic analysis, Tauberianovy theorems and many other problems.

During World War II he built a theory of prediction of stationary time series and used it to control the anti-aircraft artillery. Known for his statement: “The scientist, who never went the wrong way, it’s probably too careful of his reputation. You can not just avoiding mistakes, especially not at the beginning of the work when it comes to approaches to problem solving.

Related terms and methods:

Related discipline:

  • Cybernetics
  • Mathematics
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Last update: 27.02.2017


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