Motivation is one of the basic psychological processes. Motivation is an inner motive that encourages human behavior. Motivation can be activated by various stimuli (stimulating or motivating factors). Motivation is closely related to human performance.
Motivating is the effort of a individual or individuals to create within another individual (other individuals) motivation for the desired behavior and in practice, it is a necessary part of management, and it is based on that person in terms of its natural motives of not wanting to work unless he has a motivation.
Self-motivation is an effort of a human individual to motivate himself.
How to use motivation in practice?
The aim of motivating is activation of a person, stimulation of internal driving forces and direct their behavior to reach an objective. For the organization motivating of individuals is one of the key success factors. Using motivation in the organizations is created and encouraged the inner interest in the people, willingness and their to engage in fulfilling their tasks and goals of the organization. Motivation is simply related to achievement of specific goal and satisfaction of achieving it. The key is to achieve a genuine internal commitment.
Basic division of motivation factors is:
- Positive motivation - is based on reward for better performance:
- Material participation factor
- Moral value factor
- Self-realization factor
- Negative motivation - is based on the power factors:
- Factor of existence
- Fear factor (fear of work or job loss)
Overview of best-known motivation theories: