Metacognition is a term that refers to (in the words of Robert J. Sternberg): “The ability of an individual to think and reflect on their own thought processes, in particular with a view to improving their cognitive skills.”
Every work, including physical, has a mental component. Especially complex mental work, such as decisions of managers, problem solving by experts and similar activities are dependent on the quality of thought. In the words of cognitive psychology, they are dependent on the quality of the cognitive skills of an individual, group or organization. Improved decision making in an organization represents its higher performance, greater capacity of adaptation and survival.
The more accurate the thinking of managers or experts during the process of decision making and problem solving, the more accurate the result should be - a decision or problem solution. The more accurate the decision, the more accurate is the solution for further activities of the individual, group, team or organization. The better solution, the more effective the subsequent behavior may be. The more accurately an individual or group knows the possible errors and limits of the human mind, the better they can avoid them or find ways to overcome them.
Techniques for improving cognitive skills (Brainstorming and thinking bases):
- Cognitive Style
- Contingency Approach
- Decision Making
- Eisenhower Principle
- Equifinality Principle
- Mind Maps
- Paradox of Mintzberg
- Pareto Principle (Principle 80/20)
- Parallel Teams
- Sloan’s Filter (Sloan’s Principle)
- Transactive Memory