HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) is a protocol thanks to which it is possible to display web pages - it can transfer any files. HTTP is unsecured. This means that using HTTP communication between web browser and the server is not protected (can be listened to). For sensitive data such as personal information, passwords, credit card numbers, therefore, various forms of security are used, mostly encrypted HTTPS protocol.
Other protocols used on the Internet:
- HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure)
The HTTP protocol as well as other technical standards used in the WWW, is guaranteed by multinational W3C (World Wide Web Consortium).
Use of HTTP in practice: Websites, using HTTP, are displayed in the browser. Good knowledge of HTTP applies especially in the implementation of the web optimization for search engines. For example, it can affect the loading speed of pages, load on the server or drive caching pages.