ManagementMania AppMania EduMania JobMania BusinessPages


What is GIS (Geographic Information System)
GIS (Geographic Information System) is a concept of informatics. This is an information system able to work with spatial data (with a spatial information). The system is based on a geodatabase, which stores spatial data.

GIS (Geographic Information System) is a concept of informatics. This is an information system able to work with spatial data (with a spatial information). The system is based on a geodatabase, which stores spatial data. GIS has the following essential functions:

  • Data Collection
  • Data saving
  • Data disclosure and presentation
  • GIS analysis implementation
  • Mapping

Parts of GIS:

  • Hardware- computers, input devices (GPS, etc.) and output devices (printer, plotter, …)
  • Software- Special software packages for work with spatial data
  • Data- own spatial and related non-spatial data
  • Users – workers who are able to work with GIS and use its tools

Data in GIS:

  • Spatial data – a formulation of spatial properties of objects and phenomena on the Earth surface
  • Non-spatial data - can be linked to spatial data

GIS systems are used in many fields of the human activity, in fact anywhere, where is a need to work with spatial information. Simply, it can be said that where maps were used previously, the geographic information systems have penetrated today.

Related terms and methods:

Related management field:

previous next
Did this article help you?
Rating:
Last update: 17.05.2016

Comments



To enter the discussion you must be signed in

Sign in


Related consulting companiesmore...