G2B (Government to Business) is a term that refers to the relationships between organizations (subjects) of public administration and enterprises (businesses). The designation can be used for any relationship between the subject of public administration and the enterprises as one of the basic e-Government models (other model are G2E, G2C or G2G).
In G2B model the initiative comes from a government organization and businesses are the target group.
Some sources distinguish also B2G (Business to Government) where the initiative comes from businesses, while other sources consider both G2B and B2G as equal without important no significant difference, ie. with the same meaning.
How looks G2B / G2B model in practice?
The model covers an electronic exchange of any information between businesses and the government, usually using internet so the cooperation or communication is more efficient than is usually off the internet. In G2B, government agencies and business use websites, procurement marketplaces, applications, web services.
The relationship may refer the demand for information from the enterprises in any life situation or a transfer of an official document to the statutory body.
The model is usually used to refer to the ICT solution that converts such communication to the electronic form or to describe a solution that simplifies the communication between public administration and enterprises (e.g. internet portal of the procurement authority or electronic solutions for purchasing).
Examples of G2B / B2G services are:
- government procurement
- electronic procurement marketplaces
- electronic auctions
- electronic incorporation forms
- updating corporate information
- sending filled-out electronic forms (eg tax forms, social insurance forms)
- sending electronic payments
- sending / receiving answers electronically
- on-line meetings
- project management cooperation
- data centers, SaaS, PaaS or IaaS for e-government use