Frederick Winslow Taylor
Frederick Winslow Taylor was born on March 20, 1856 in Philadelphia, USA and died there on March 21, 1915. To this day he is considered one of the founders of modern management and the first representative of the traditional school of management. During his career he held various jobs, ranging from lab assistant to chief engineer and company CEO. In 1893, he moved to New York and began a career as an engineering consultant. In 1911, he published his major work “The Principles of Scientific Management”. The lawyer L. D. Brandeis is said to have coined the term “scientific management” and F. W. Taylor is said to have cleverly taken it over when he realized its commercial potential.
Frederick Winslow Taylor focused mainly on the organization of work and came up with important recommendations regarding its optimization, standardization and ergonomics. He analysed individual work steps in their required time frame and examined every move of certain tasks. Based on results obtained from the analysis of the most efficient workers, he set norms for the correct implementation of an activity and optimized the shape and type of tools used (such as the form and size of a shovel).
His main management principles are:
- A clearly defined standard work day
- Standardization and comparability of conditions
- Mutual collegial cooperation and sharing of best business practices
- Linking performance and rewards (gains for success, losses for failures)
- Systematic staff training
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