Financial Market is a term used to refer to that part of the market, in which takes place the movement of the financial resources (money, securities, shares, bonds, bills, checks and other financial instruments and derivates). In the financial market, on the one side there are all organizations and institutions of the financial sector and on the other side, organizations and enterprises that need to either use their surplus funds, or, conversely, need to attract foreign funds for their operation or business. With these needs within the financial market, they turn to the financial institutions.
Financial Market is a summary term for all types of markets where some form of financial resources is exchanged. The basic structure of financial market, by type of financial resources, is as follows:
- Capital Market
- Money Market
- Venture Capital Market
- Insurance Market
- Market of financial derivates and instruments
- Commodity Market
- Currency Market
Due to stability of the financial market at the national and international level, it is necessary for the regulation serves not only to the stability of financial markets but also to protect all entrants into these markets.