Clinger-Cohen Act (CCA) is a United States federal law, formerly the Information Technology Management Reform Act of 1996 (ITMRA) generally known under the names of their proposers William Clinger and William Cohen. The law came into force in 1996. The purpose of this Act is to achieve savings through improved government spending and better use of information and communication technologies by the federal government of the U.S. thanks to:
- Planning in accordance with the strategic mission
- Introduction of a capital planning and control processes in investments
- Change in the way of considering the need of investments in information systems
Clinger-Cohen Act builds on the previous law on reducing paper administration, which is called the Paperwork Reduction Act.
Clinger-Cohen Act in practice: CCA gives all federal institutions in the U.S. the obligation to use FEA (Federal Enterprise Architecture). The Act also requires agencies to establish effective processes for managing IT investments according to their performance in compliance with FEA. Offices that do not reach the required performance, are not permitted to invest. Clinger-Cohen Act helps improve the effectiveness of federal government spending.