Behavior (British English Behaviour) is one of the basic psychological categories. It includes any externally observable human physical activity.
There are two limiting theories explaining behavior:
- Dispositionism says that the behavior is the result of dispositions (talent, traits…)
- Situationism says that the behavior is the result of the current (social) situation
Most psychologists now agree that behavior is the result of both phenomena (dispositions and situations) and their mutual interaction.
In relation to the will, behavior is distinguished as follows:
- Voluntary (Free), respectively intentional behavior - i.e. acting
- Involuntary, respectively unintentional behavior - independent on the will (including, for example microexpressions)
Edward Chace Tolman distinguishes:
- Molar behavior - simple external physical manifestations
- Molecular behavior - effective behavioral units
In relation to the speech, behavior is distinguished as follows:
- Verbal behavior - the basis is a speech
- Nonverbal behavior - it is a behavior without the spoken component